...In practice, the only GM crop currently available to EU farmers for cultivation is the GM maize resistant to insects, commonly known as Bt maize (James 2011). On the teritory of Serbia, the number of positive maize samples varied from 12% in 2006 year, to 14.5% in 2008, with the amount of GM mostly below 0.9%, except for two samples with the content above 0.9%, in 2006 (Nikolić & Vujaković 2011). In 2009, we continued to test maize and products derived from maize. The samples analysed did not contain CaMV35s promoter and, therefore, did not contain any of the GM maize authorised in the EU.
No GM rice variety has been listed as authorised or risk-evaluated in Europe but a risk exists that the imports of rice into the EU are contaminated with non authorised GM rice (Vogel 2008). In this paper, we analysed samples of rice mostly originating from EU countries: Italy and Bulgaria, as well as from Thailand, where labelling the products containing more then 5% for is mandatory. None of the analysed samples of rice and rice products contained GM rice.
EU member states are responsible for the import controls at its borders and for the prevention of placing on the market shipments contaminated by genetic modification. In addition, they should implement the control of the products on the market, to ensure that they are GM-free. Considering that the investigated samples were imported mainly from EU countries, it can be concluded that the control of GMOs is carried out systematically and in accordance with the Law.
Based on our results, in order to protect the consumers and their concern about the quality of food that they consume, it would be advisable to continue with the control of all of the imported ingredients and food products by the authorities responsible for the food chain.